|Description||The Afghan Hound has often been thought to have the air of an aristocrat. Tall and slender with a long, narrow, refined head, silky topknot and powerful jaws. The back part of the head and skull is quite prominent.
Afghan Hound is tall, standing in height 24-29 inches and weighing 58-64 pounds. The coat may be any colour, but white markings, particularly on the head, are discouraged; many individuals have a black facial mask. Some specimens have facial hair that looks like a Fu Manchu moustache that are called “mandarins.” Some Afghan Hounds are almost white, but particolour hounds (white with islands of red or black) are not acceptable and may indicate impure breeding. The long, fine-textured coat requires considerable care and grooming. The long topknot and the shorter-haired saddle on the back in the miniature dog are distinctive features of the Afghan Hound coat. The high hipbones and unique small ring on the end of the tail are also characteristics of the breed.
The muzzle is slightly convex, whilst the teeth should, meet in a level or scissors bite. The dark eyes are an almond shape, and the ears lie flat to the head with a long strong neck. The hipbones are quite prominent. The front legs are strong and straight and the feet are large and covered with long hair.
|Temperament||The temperament of the typical Afghan Hound can be aloof and dignified, but happy and clownish when playing. This breed, as is the case with many sighthounds, has a high prey drive and may not get along with small animals. The Afghan Hounds’ reasoning skills have made it a successful competitor in dog agility trials as well as an intuitive therapy dog and companion. Genomic studies have pointed to the Afghan Hound as one of the oldest of dog breeds|
|Height, Weight||Height: Dogs 24 to 29 inches (68.58-73.66cm) slightly less for bitches.
Weight: 58-64lb (26-34kg.)
|Health Problems||Generally healthy.|
|Living Conditions||The Afghan Hound is not recommended for apartment life. They are relatively inactive indoors and do best with acreage. This breed can live in or outdoors, although it would be happier sleeping indoors.|
|Exercise||The Afghan Hound needs to be taken on a long daily walk or jog. While out on the walk the dog must be made to heel beside or behind the person holding the lead, as in a dog’s mind the leader leads the way, and that leader needs to be the human. Dogs who do not get to go on daily walks are more likely to display behavior problems. Teach them to enter and exit door and gateways after the humans. They will also enjoy running free in an open fenced, safe area.|
|Life Expectancy||About 14 years|
|Litter Size||1 – 15 puppies - Average 8|
|Grooming||The long, thick coat demands a great deal of attention. Bathe the dog when necessary. Do not brush in-between baths in order to keep coat long and shiny. Brushing a dry coat will damage the coat and even make it more easily matted. Weekly baths are not as important if your Afghan is a pet and will not be shown, but doing so will make the coat less matted and will save you time in the end. Many wear snoods indoors to protect their ears from food bowls. Some owners like to use a special air-cushioned brush called a pinbrush. This breed is an average shedder.|
|Origin||This is a very elegant, ancient dog, native to Sinai, and mentioned several times in Egyptian papyruses as well as pictured in the caves of northern Afghanistan more than 4000 years ago. The breed was kept pure for centuries, and its exportation was always prohibited. It therefore only reached Europe as contraband early in this century. An extremely fast and agile runner, the Afghan is a sighthound, which means it hunts by sight. It was used as a shepherd and as a hunter of many types of game including deer, wild goats, snow leopards and wolves. They were also used by shepherds as herders and watchdogs. Their thick coat protects against temperature extremes. In Europe and America they have become a luxurious pet and show dog because of their aristocratic beauty. Some of the Afghan’s talents are hunting, sighting, tracking, herding, watchdog, racing, and lure coursing.|